Industry Updates on 27.08.2012

on 27th August,2012


India Inc’s foreign coal mine play to hit margins as prices fall
A handful of Indian companies that had together invested over $10 billion in acquiring 14 coal mines abroad are now worried after coal prices have dropped 40% in two years to about $80 a tonne.

For example, GVK Power and Infrastructure pumped in $1.3 billion to buy an Australian coal mine less than a year ago when coal prices were at $124 a tonne and Adani Enterprises put $2.7 billion on the table two years ago to buy another mine in the country when prices were at $95.5 per tonne.

These deals were done at a time when several new and coal-hungry steel, power and cement projects were underway, GDP growth was still strong at 8.2% and Coal India was struggling to keep pace with demand. The deals were aimed at securing fuel needed by these companies to race ahead with their growth plans. But they are now threatening to become dead weight instead.

Falling coal prices — 15% drop since January — have raised questions over the timing and prudence of these acquisitions and likely returns. Bankers are questioning the companies' ability to service the debt raised. Auditors are also saying the fall could force companies to write down the value of these acquisitions in their books.

"Most Indian companies had bought mines at very high premiums and are set to suffer steep fall in margins due to the falling global coal prices," says Nama Nageswar Rao, chairman, Madhucon Group, a company with interests in construction, coal, power and sugar. "Apart from shrinking profit margins, they will end up incurring losses after servicing the debt raised at high interest rates."

Not everyone thinks the outlook is so bleak, but most concede companies will feel the squeeze in their balance sheets. "As we speak today, we are not seeing good times for coal globally," admits Lanco Infratech chairman L Madhusudan Rao. The Hyderabadbased builder of roads and bridges, which paid $750 million to acquire Australia's Griffin Coal in December 2010, has Rs 32,000 crore in debt and posted a Rs 442-crore loss last quarter. It is looking to sell non-core assets to lighten its debt burden.

"Of course, we will be worried if the stressed cycle (of low price and demand) continues," adds Rao. "If the situation persists for the next four to five years, then it's not a good situation to be in. Our view is that the current situation may probably last for the next 14-15 months." Bankers are anxious too. "Profits of Indian companies have been falling sharply, increasing defaults. Now, if large mining companies face losses in their acquisition transactions, the situation will worsen," says a senior official at a state-run bank who asked not to be named.

"It can be a cause for concern for bankers as the stakes are too high," says Seshagiri Rao, joint managing director and chief financial officer (CFO) with the JSW Group. "If the ability to repay is reduced, bankers will resort to extreme steps to cover losses. But most such deals have covenants built in, that protect them (bankers) in the event of a major downside (in prices)," he adds. Typically, banks press for shares in parent companies as acushion in the event of an acquisition going wrong.

The clause can be invoked if the price falls below an agreed level. Auditors are also raising alarm bells. "Companies may try and mask the decline by saying that the fall is temporary and may likely revive. But a trigger is needed to initiate an impairment exercise," says Amarjit Chopra, former president at the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

"In this case, the sharp fall in coal prices can be considered (as a trigger)." The ICAI can ask the companies to report the change. Companies argue that prevailing coal prices are not the only measure of the success of such buyouts. Mine life and related infrastructure also count in the long run. Moreover, companies using global mines for captive purposes and those that have an integrated plan to use the coal may be better off.
(Economic Times)

Kudremukh Iron ore in talks for setting up four new pellet plants
In a spot after its mining operations were suspended, Kudremukh Iron Ore Company (KIOCL), a public sector undertaking , is exploring opportunities to partner state-owned miners and steel makers for setting up four new pellet and beneficiation plants in India in an attempt to revive itself.

It is in talks with leading steel and mining companies like SAIL, RINL, Orissa Mineral Development (OMDC) and NMDC to set up four new pellet and beneficiation plants through separate joint ventures.

"We are in the process of drawing up plans to take up a leading position in pellet making capacity . We will shortly enter into agreements with leading steel and mine players to set up joint ventures for pellet making and beneficiation," said Malay Chatterjee , chairman and MD of HSCL who recently took over as CMD of KIOCL.

While it is keen on a tie-up with SAIL for pellet plants in Bokaro and Rourkela, KIOCL is also in talks with RINL and OMDC for a three-way joint venture in which it plans to pick up 26% stake. "While we have been hit by halt in mining, we have decided to chart our growth plans based on value addition of ore. We need to secure the future of KIOCL and its 1,300 employees," Chatterjee added.

Each of these pellet units is likely to be around 2 million tonne (mt) in capacity. KIOCL is in discussions with NMDC for a 6 mt pellet unit in Chhattisgarh. Going by the thumb rule, each 2 mt pellet unit is expected to cost around Rs 500 crore. For beneficiation plants, 1 mt capacity would cost Rs 100 crore. With reserves of over Rs 1,500 crore, KIOCL requires financial strength to participate in the projects.

When contacted, a SAIL official said the company is planning to set up pellet plants at Rourkela and Bokaro. "We are yet to firm up plans but we hope to decide on whether to go it alone or invite a partner within a month or so," the official said.

"Given the abundance of iron ore, Indian steel plants have, so far, been using lumps with huge quantities of iron ore fines lying unutilised. More recently, with constraints in mining, there is increasing realisation on conversion of fines. Hence demand for pellets is growing," Sanjay Jain, senior VP research (metals) at Motilal Oswal Securities said. Global pellet production also rose to 400 mt in 2011, from 388 mt in 2010.

While the US is a leading consumer, Brazil is a global leader in production and exports, with Canada as the second biggest exporter. KIOCL's plan if it fructifies could add 12 mt of greenfield pellet capacity . It is in line with the global trend where a number of new plants are being fast tracked.

Tata Steel, Essar Steel and JSW Steel are among domestic steel companies which have invested in captive pellet making units, along with smaller ones like Godawari Power& Ispat and Adhunik Metaliks. KIOCL, which set up the country's first pellet plant with Iranian collaboration in the mid-70s, currently operates a state of the art 3.5 mt facility at Mangalore by sourcing haematite ore from NMDC.
(Economic Times)
Iron ore declines below USD 100 a tonne as growth slows in China

China's manufacturing may be contracting at a faster pace this month, a purchasing managers' index by HSBC Holdings Plc and Markit Economics showed, signaling more monetary and fiscal stimulus is needed to secure a second half rebound in economic growth. The world's second largest economy may slow for a seventh straight quarter after new loans in July 2012 and export growth missed estimates. Deutsche Bank AG, Bank of America Corporation and Morgan Stanley cut their growth forecasts for 2012.

Mr David Lennox, a resources analyst at Fat Prophets in Sydney, said that "The market is just watching for China to base out. If we can't see the rate of decline in China's growth stop and level out, there’s potential for more downside."

People's Bank of China Governor Mr Zhou Xiaochuan said on August 22nd 2012 that adjustments to rates and bank reserve requirements can't be ruled out. Premier Mr Wen Jiabao said last week that easing inflation allowed more room to adjust monetary policy.

According to customs, China's iron ore imports fell 0.8% to 57.87 million tonnes in July 2012, the lowest since April 2012. Steel product exports were 4.32 million tonnes in July 2012, 17% MoM lower than a month earlier
(Steel Guru)
Global demand may spur wheat exports 
Following increased demand for Indian wheat in the global market, shipments from the world’s second-biggest producer are set to shoot up, which, in turn, could help potentially bring down world food prices. 
An official of a Singapore-based commodity-trading firm has projected that shipments by state and private traders could reach 5 million tonnes in the current fiscal as India competes with supplies from Australia, Canada and the Black Sea region for markets.
(Exim India)
MP to export 1.98 lakh t of wheat to Iran 
ABOUT two lakh tonnes of wheat from Madhya Pradesh is set to be exported to Iran. Procured during the 2012-13 rabi season, the Food Corporation of India (FCI) has already selected wheat stored in eight districts of the state for the purpose. 
The state government has directed concerned officers of the districts to coordinate with FCI. Further, it has asked warehousing agencies to ensure proper upkeep of the grain. 
A consolidated 1,98,368 tonnes of wheat would be exported to Iran, an official release said.
(Exim India)


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