The Philippines has become the 30th country to ratify the Maritime Labour Convention and therefore, MLC 2006 will enter into force on August 20, 2013. The Convention provides comprehensive rights and protection for more than 1.2 million seafarers worldwide.The MLC 2006 includes more than 65 ILO Conventions and is intended to become a global instrument as the “fourth” pillar of the international regulatory regime for quality shipping, together with the key Conventions of the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
On August 20 the ILO has announced the 30th ratification of the MLC 2006 and since the 33 per cent of world gross tonnage has been fulfilled the MLC, 2006 is coming in force on August 20, 2013. The ILO Members that have ratified the Convention are Liberia, Marshall Islands, Bahamas, Panama, Norway,
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Spain, Croatia, Bulgaria, Canada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,
Switzerland, Benin, Singapore, Denmark, Antigua and Barbuda, Latvia, Luxembourg, Kiribati, Australia,
Netherlands, Tuvalu, St Kitts & Nevis, Togo, Poland, Palau, Sweden, Cyprus, Russian Federation,
Ship Owners, Managers, Yards and Crew Manning Agencies have to comply with the requirements of the Convention and obtain certification for ships flagged by the above mentioned ILO Members. The applicability of the MLC, 2006 is as outlined below:
Ships of 500 gross tonnage or above, engaged in international voyages; and
Ships of 500 gross tonnage or above, flying the flag of a member and operating from a port,
or between ports, in another country.
The Convention requirements are very detailed and cover an extensive range of topics. Ship Owners
and Managers must develop and implement procedures immediately to ensure ongoing compliance
with the requirements of MLC, 2006. Ships that may be delayed for inspection and certification may risk detentions.
THE CERTIFICATION PROCESS
The MLC, 2006 certification process is identical to ISM and ISPS for ships. The certificate validity will
be 5 years and the process includes interim, initial and intermediate inspection.
The following procedure shall be carried out for the certification under DBS:
Apply for a Declaration of Maritime Labour Compliance (DMLC) Part I from the flag state, in
accordance with the flag state requirements
Ship Owner / Manager shall prepare the Declaration of Maritime Labour Compliance (DMLC)
Submit DMLC Part II to DBS for review and organize the ship for the inspection
Arrange an initial ILO MLC inspection by the flag state or recognized organization (RO).
For ships flying a flag state that has not yet issued the DMLC Part I, ship Owner and Managers are
encouraged to proceed with the preparation of DMLC Part II against the requirements of the MLC, 2006
in order to ensure that are prepared and comply with all the requirements.