INTERIM MEASURES FOR VESSEL AIR EMISSIONS In CANADA
PurposeThe purpose of this bulletin is to inform stakeholders of interim measures to address air emissions from vessels operating in Canada from August 1, 2012, to the date that the proposed Regulations Amending the Vessel Pollution and Dangerous Chemicals Regulations (the proposed Regulations) will be published in Part II of the Canada Gazette.
The proposed Regulations would implement the North American Emission Control Area (NA-ECA) that was adopted under Annex VI to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL). The NA-ECA enters into force on August 1, 2012, and would set a 1% limit on the sulphur content of marine fuel, followed by a 0.1% limit in 2015. The proposed Regulations would also implement a regime to control air emissions from Canadian vessels in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence waters.
ScopeThis bulletin applies to all ships over 400 gross tonnage that are subject to the Vessel Pollution and Dangerous Chemicals Regulations.
BackgroundDue to significant additional discussions required with the domestic marine industry, the marine air emissions regulatory package will be delayed by a few months and will not come into effect on August 1, 2012, to implement the NA-ECA and standards for Canadian vessels operating in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence waters.
Until the proposed Regulations come into force, there would be no means to enforce international standards under the NA-ECA to limit the sulphur content in marine fuel to 1%, which come into effect internationally on August 1, 2012. As well, there would also be no means to implement new domestic standards for vessels voyaging in the Great Lakes and St Lawrence waters.
As a result of the above, interim measures are required for the period of August 1, 2012, to when the Regulations come into force, which is expected towards the end of 2012.
The NA-ECA includes waters under Canadian jurisdiction south of 60°N extending out to approximately 200 nautical miles. The NA-ECA includes waters under the jurisdiction of the United States, including Hawaii and Alaska south of 60°N. The NA-ECA also includes North American waters under the jurisdiction of France―the islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon. “Great Lakes and St. Lawrence waters” means the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River, their connecting waters, and the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the baseline of the territorial sea.
Transport Canada PolicyThe following policy sets out interim measures to address air emissions from vessels operating in Canada from August 1, 2012, to the date that the Regulations are published in Part II of the Canada Gazette.
For all vessels trading in the NA-ECA, Marine Safety Inspectors will take the following interim measures as part of routine and planned inspections to enforce the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 (CSA 2001).
Under the current Vessel Pollution and Dangerous Chemicals Regulations, Marine Safety Inspectors can take the following measures for all vessels in Canadian ports: